An EU-funded research project which aims to create conditions for autonomous vessel navigation is in its Concept Definition phase and will move on to the Technology Adaption and Integrations Work Package (WP03) this summer, Kongsberg said.
Hull to Hull (H2H) was established in November 2017 to develop technical solutions for safer navigation in close proximity of other stationary or moving vessels and objects.
Such solutions would be developed by using the European Global Navigation Satellite System (EGNSS), EGNOS and Galileo, that can enhance safety in busy waters and during close maneuvering, helping mariners to take the correct navigation decisions.
The project is coordinated by Kongsberg Seatex, a subsidiary of Kongsberg Maritime. Project partners include SINTEF Ocean, SINTEF Digital, KU Leuven and Mampaey Offshore Industries.
As explained, H2H aims to create a system that will allow proximity zones to be set for own vessels as well as neighboring objects, with high precision and high integrity.
H2H focuses on solutions for measuring the location and orientation of a vessel and creating a 3D digital twin representing the vessel’s hull, which is linked to a coordinate system. This data can then be used as an input to an autonomy controller. H2H will also support manual navigation, providing reliable input for the captain or navigator to make better-informed decisions.
H2H is divided into nine work packages, of which four are led by Kongsberg Seatex. The pilot system will be developed in WP03, where the main objective is to define precise sensors and communication systems and develop an integrated solution. The solution will be implemented using protocols and 3D models described in the concept. The project will also research specific needs related to auto-mooring and inland waterways, perform lab testing of various sensors and technologies and develop test scenarios for demonstrations scheduled for 2019 and 2020 in Norway’s Trondheimsfjorden, in Rotterdam harbor and inland waterways in Belgium.
“We will implement the pilot system that will form the basis for all three demonstrations. This includes integration of sensors, building 3D models, and implementation of relative GNSS and communications protocols,” Per Erik Kvam, Project Manager, Kongsberg Seatex, said.
“We are also responsible for providing the pilot system, and for the integration and installation for the Trondheimsfjorden demonstration, where we will show how we can control the location of the hull on two vessels involved in a simultaneous operation,” he added.